Virginia was also unable to retreat further up the James River due to her deep 22-foot (6.7 m) draft (fully loaded). There are no reviews yet. Williamson spoke another phrase and they went rigid. It’s just sitting, don’t look like they plan on taking it anywhere.”. The steam-powered, ironclad Virginia drove its 1,500 pound iron ram into the wooden side of the Cumberland, delivering a mortal blow. Timeline: • 1984: French Navy mine hunter Circe discovers CSS Alabama’s remains while conducting operational exercises off Cherbourg, France.French Navy Commander Max Guerout later confirms the wreck’s identity. And I think your great-grandchildren will find America much improved.”. Gun Deck for the CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimac), RG 19, DASH 76-2-45. To this he added another few shreds from a wool undershirt worn by (so his widow had said) Flag Officer Franklin Buchanan, the Virginia’s commander. Seeing what had happened to Cumberland, the captain of USS Congress ordered his frigate into shallower water, where she soon grounded. Something like wisps of steam curled up from the stained deck and shattered glass. During an engagement with the disguised Confederate commerce raider, CSS Alabama, she was taken by surprise and was sunk off the coast of Galveston, Texas. Preliminary sketch designs were submitted by Lieutenants John Mercer Brooke and John L. Porter, each of whom envisaged the ship as a casemate ironclad. Her wrecksite was known but was destroyed after looters and salvagers all but picked it clean between 1868 and 1875. Sixteen of her 62-member crew were either lost overboard or went down with the ironclad, while many others were saved by lifeboats sent from Rhode Island. The CSS Virginia was originally the USS Merrimack, a 40-gun frigate launched in 1855. They opened their mouths and shrieked, sounding like a choir suddenly fallen into hell. USS Maugus and her gunboats joined in th… Now, for the Confederacy and the charred Merrimack, the time had come. This page features all our relatively accurate views of the Confederate Navy ironclad ram Virginia , ex-USS Merrimack , and provides links to other views of the ship and her actions. But the ironclad developed mechanical problems when a errant chain from the nearby CSS Richmondbecame entangled in her propeller, and she could no longer participate in the battle. The hull's burned timbers were cut down past the vessel's original waterline, leaving just enough clearance to accommodate her large, twin-bladed screw propeller. After hours of shell exchanges, Monitor finally retreated into shallower water after a direct shell hit to her armored pilothouse forced her away from the conflict to assess the damage. They stabbed the wooden hull with their gauntlet blades, right and left, climbing end over end. Raise it up? Exploring. Some of the papers would slide off and flutter to the deck when the ship rolled, and Williamson, muttering, would gather them back up. The Captain frowned. For centuries men believed Africans were the beasts of burden, but now nature showed them their error. Joint Resolution Authorizing the Secretary of the Navy to Furnish Metal for a Bell, Bibliography of American Civil War naval history, "Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack C.S.S. Lieutenant Jones wanted to continue the fight, but the pilots emphasized that the Virginia had "nearly three miles to run to the bar" and that she could not remain and "take the ground on a falling tide." So Williamson wondered: how strong are the merpeople, to haul off a 3200-ton warship? On May 10, 1862, advancing Union troops occupied Norfolk. The water rose to Williamson’s waist, the cold gripping him. Serrated fins, not unlike sailfish’s, grew from each forearm (he had read about those), and unlike in the fairy stories, the sea people had no fishtails but legs, with feet—there!—only slightly webbed. Early on the morning of May 11, 1862, off Craney Island, fire and powder trails reached the ironclad's magazine and she was destroyed by a great explosion. Elevation, horizontal section and gun deck plan drawings of Confederate ironclad gunboat USS Merrimac/CSS Virginia, by John L. Porter (June 1861 - 1862). Another half hour would pass before Daniel spoke again. Maybe. Even so, the now injured Buchanan ordered an attack on USS Minnesota, which had run aground on a sandbar trying to escape Virginia. Virginia II went into action on June 21, 1864 as the flagship of Commodore John K. Mitchell, CSN, during the engagement between the Confederate James River Squadron and Federal ships in Trent's Reach. Placed in commission as CSS Virginia in mid-February 1862, the ship's iron armor made her virtually invulnerable to contemporary gunfire. The knights of old wore between forty and sixty pounds of plate metal and had to stay out of water more than head deep, yet these creatures, they can swim right to the surface with seemingly no effort . The salty Elizabeth River water and the addition of tons of iron armor and pig iron ballast, added to the hull's unused spaces for needed stability after her initial refloat, and to submerge her unarmored lower eves, only added to her engines' propulsion issues. There’s mer-folk all around it, maybe hundreds of’em . Navy reports and pre-1900 historians frequently misspelled the name as "Merrimac", which was actually an unrelated ship, hence "the Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac". Might have for a minute, but it slipped away from me.”. Virginia was one of the participants in the Battle of Hampton Roads, opposing the Union's USS Monitor in March 1862. Would they simply let him drown? A golden opportunity for the South, for the abolition-obsessed North, for the house divided that our country has finally become. Artillery…. Christopher Columbus had called them that—”sea people”—when he sighted them in 1496 some forty leagues off Gilbraltar. Williamson had read of these also, a species like electric eels or undersea suns, appearing always to burn. T.J. Stiles, "The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt" (2009). instead, he sees where our eyes can’t go. What about the Union’s Monitor, France’s La Gloire and others? The CSS Virginia was an ironclad warship of the Confederate States Navy. The more fumes we get, the better.”, Without waiting for a reply, he shut the door and hurried up the passageway past the mermen. The CSS Manassas was built before the Virginia, but the Manassas was built by private individuals looking to use the ship as a privateer.. On 20 April 1861, when Virginia authorities took over the Norfolk Navy Yard after its evacuation by Federal The 1/192 scale (18" long) CSS Virginia is a moderately easy to construct multi-media kit featuring resin cast parts, decal flag, photo etch parts, brass rod, computer illustrated instructions and color box art. Damn it all to hell. The CSS Virginia was built from the hull of the Union's Merrimack. But our troops have modern rifles. . The rest appeared to relax. Williamson replaced the cap on the telescope. Although the Confederacy renamed the ship, she is still frequently referred to by her Union name. What remained of the ship settled to the bottom of the harbor; however, Virginia's thirteen-star Stars and Bars battle ensign was saved from destruction and today resides in the collection of the Chicago History Museum, minus three of its original stars. Shaking off the thoughts, he sloshed back aft. The CSS Virginia was the first ironclad built by the Confederate Navy. Another explosion of water aft. Nonetheless, the Union continued to refer to the Confederate ironclad by either its original name, Merrimack, or by the nickname "The Rebel Monster". He passed a number of crewmen who gaped at the sight of his captives. Neither ship wins the battle, but both prove the power of iron over wood.Read more. . Not the sun, the spray . He threw one to the deck and smashed it. The other two were 6.4-inch (163 mm) cannon of about 9,100 pounds (4,100 kg), one on each broadside. CSS Virginia's wreck was largely removed between 1866 and 1876. The entire South buzzed with the speculation: have they sided with the Federals? Water swirled around Williamson’s ankles. Virginia measured 262 feet in length with the casemate being 178 feet long at a sloping angle of 36 degrees. By late April, the new Union ironclads USRC E. A. Stevens and USS Galena had also joined the blockade. John Ericsson, a Swedish-American inventor, introduced a plan, which caught their attention. One had an amber label, one green. Right now he needed to sort out the images haunting his mind: the luminous merpeople, the ones burning white and smoking under water, scorching off the two-inch-thick hull plates, reshaping the iron; fitting the helms and breastplates, gauntlets and helmets to every grown merman. He wondered if, by then, even a sorcerer could make much of a difference. The wreck is supported by an artificial concrete foundatio… Daniel reached down the ladder and gave the Captain a hand up. Then he opened the stove door and blew on the coals. More whiskey in the beaker; thicker fumes. Her hanging port side anchor was lost after ramming Cumberland; the bow was leaking from the loss of the ram's port side half; shot from Cumberland, Congress, and the shore-based Union batteries had riddled her smokestack, reducing her boilers' draft and already slow speed; two of her broadside cannon (without shutters) were put out of commission by shell hits; a number of her armor plates had been loosened; both of Virginia's 22-foot (6.7 m) cutters had been shot away, as had both 12 pounder anti-boarding/anti-personnel howitzers, most of the deck stanchions, railings, and both flagstaffs. .”. Wooden racks held bottles of whiskey, brandy and bourbon, as well as thin glass tubes containing various measured amounts of powdered blood. He found the slave topside. Hampton Roads battle part1 - CSS Virginia rampage - YouTube America had been considering ironclads since the War of 1812. Sketch of the CSS Virginia (outboard profile), RG 19, DASH 81-12-2B, NAID: 12007683 . Ready to avenge herself! Virginia made several sorties back over to Hampton Roads hoping to draw Monitor into battle. At the very least, he owed it to his sundered nation to find out. Two of the rifles, the bow and stern pivot guns, were 7-inch (178 mm) caliber and weighed 14,500 pounds (6,600 kg) each. CSS Virginia’s wreck was largely removed between 1866 and 1876. “Think maybe you can raise it up, Mr. Josiah?”. It’s. Four armored mermen crowded the passageway. but it’s all bright, like the ship’s on fire.” The slave hesitated, his brow ever so slightly creasing. Hope they help.”. Both spellings are still in use in the Hampton Roads area. Over the two day battle, the Federal navy suffered 261 killed and 108 wounded in its struggle with the Virginia – more killed and wounded than any other sea battle in American history at that time. So I was only the first to get this idea. Virginia did not emerge from the battle unscathed, however. 32°46′47″N 79°45′35″W / 32.77972°N 79.75972°W / 32.77972; -79.75972 ( Mar He saw America, and Confederate America, as they were now; he saw the guns and the burning ships; and he saw ironclads, new Monitors with double turrets, and the Southern rams. CSS Virginia wreck site Approximate location of the remains of the CSS Virginia. Capturing them, bringing them home for all to see, could make the difference. . The 9-inch Dahlgrens were mounted three to a side; each weighed approximately 9,200 pounds (4,200 kg) and could fire a 72.5-pound (32.9 kg) shell up to a range of 3,357 yards (3,070 m) (or 1.9 miles) at an elevation of 15°. On March 8, 1862, the CSS Virginia (ex-USS Merrimack) steamed out of the Elizabeth River and into the waters of Hampton Roads to attack the Federal fleet. After raising, restoration, and outfitting as an ironclad warship, the Confederacy bestowed on her the name Virginia. Conservator Elsa Sangouard removing part of a gun carriage, in the Batten Conservation Complex at … Elevation, horizontal section and gun deck plan drawings of Confederate ironclad gunboat USS Merrimac/CSS Virginia, by John L. Porter (June 1861 - 1862). never seen that many before in one place . , The wreck was surveyed and her lower hull and machinery were discovered to be undamaged. Williamson scrambled up to the sunlit weather deck. Now, for the Confederacy and the charred Merrimack, the time had come. Several other guns, relics of the Civil War and earlier conflicts, are beyond. Like Daniel, the merpeople also had a talent. Weight: 1.0 lbs: Dimensions: 12 x 24 x 3 in: Reviews. The Captain looked up. https://www.thoughtco.com/images-of-uss-monitor-civil-war-ironclad-4122920 He clattered down the ladder, burst into his cabin. The casemate was built of 24 inches (61 cm) of oak and pine in several layers, topped with two 2-inch (51 mm) layers of iron plating oriented perpendicular to each other, and angled at 36 degrees from horizontal to deflect fired enemy shells. “Johnson, Brown, follow me. The CSS Virginia II was 180 feet in length with a beam of 48 feet and drew 14 feet of water. Your email address will not be published. The CSS Virginia Attacked the Union Fleet at Hampton Roads On the morning of March 8, 1862, the Virginia steamed from its mooring and began to attack the Union fleet anchored off Hampton Roads, Virginia. During the Civil War, the idea of the USS Monitor was born amidst a nation in turmoil. Iron-hulled sidewheel steamer of 680 tons, stranded on the wreck of CSS Georgiana while attempting to run the federal blockade into Charleston. Daniel gave the Captain a rough heading—southeast, more or less. . Scraping sounds from below. By the time Williamson and crew arrived home, what would they find? A patch of white water appeared there, as if stirred up from below. They looked at Williamson with patient eyes. The Captain leaned back out of its path. Monitor, however, was under strict orders not to re-engage; the two combatants would never battle again. Virginia. They had chiseled through the hull like sappers, and now, besides boarders, the Copernicus was taking on water. Digital reproduction of blueprint drawing. After discovering the Confederate Navy was constructing an impenetrable ironclad in Hampton Roads, Va., President Lincoln called for a naval board to propose construction of an ironclad vessel to lead the Union Navy. Their ensigns were then hoisted "Union-side down" to further taunt the Union Navy into a fight, as they were towed back to Norfolk, with the help of CSS Raleigh. Would they prove more difficult to shackle than Africans? 2). It being late in the day, Virginia retired from the conflict with the expectation of returning the next day and completing the destruction of the remaining Union blockaders. The CSS Virginia was an ironclad warship of the Confederate States Navy. He sat down on his desk, balancing against the heaving of the ship, and resumed his concerto. The remains of the USS Monitor lie in two different locations. . Daniel was standing, in a sweat now. He pondered his plan, turning it over in his head. Additional information. Williamson leaned over and stared. Be the first to review “Flagship Models CSS Virginia (ex USS Merrimack)” Cancel reply. From reports in Northern newspapers, Virginia's designers were aware of the Union plans to build an ironclad and assumed their similar ordnance would be unable to do much serious damage to such a ship. The CSS Fredericksburg was 170 feet in length with a beam of 41 feet and drew 9 feet 6 inches of water. Mammals, then—warm-blooded, young-nursing . “Damned if they weren’t abaft the port beam, Daniel, just like you said.”. CSS Virginia ramming and sinking USS Cumberland The first Union ship to be engaged by Virginia was the all-wood, sail-powered USS Cumberland, which was first crippled during a furious cannon exchange, and then rammed in her forward starboard bow by Virginia. He forced his teeth not to chatter. How much armor could they forge from the Virginia’s seven hundred and twenty-three tons of plating? Weight: 1.0 lbs: Dimensions: 12 x 24 x 3 in: Reviews. “No. The Captain spoke a single word. The battle is chiefly significant in naval history as the first battle between ironclads. How far was Williamson seeing? The captain of the Monitor, Lieutenant John L. Worden, had taken a direct gunpowder explosion to his face and eyes, blinding him, while looking through the pilothouse's narrow, horizontal viewing slits. This immense RELIC WEIGHS 1,340 POUNDS, wrought iron, and as a sovereign of the war, and an object of interest as a revolution in naval warefare, would suit a Museum, State Institute, or some great public resort. And when Williamson got close enough to bring his own talents to bear . USS Monitor and CSS Virginia have at each other guns fully ablaze in the Battle of Hampton Roads. The Copernicus did not list or tilt. Creator(s) Porter, John L. (John Luke), 1813-1893: Date June 1861 - June 1862: Call Number 0850-s2-fos2-i9 If so, where was their “queen?”. In the following month, the crew of Virginia were unsuccessful in their attempts to break the Union blockade. I saw it some minutes ago, but I wanted to be sure before I told you. The CSS Virginia, on the other hand, suffered just two killed and a dozen wounded in its fight with the Union navy. Williamson almost, not quite, coughed. Exactly where the blood came from, he never said. “Managed to save these, Mr. Josiah. 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