explain the main achievement of sher shah suri

Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the army of Babur. The one chief Shiqdar or Shiqdar-i- Shiqdaran was a military officer. The British adopted this system.”, Sher Shah was very particular about the welfare of the peasants. He was born of an Afghan lady, the eldest and perhaps only legitimate wife of his father, who had … In the East India Company the same was introduced Thomas Munroe and Captain Reed. For the education of the Muslims, a Maktab was attached to every mosque for imparting elementary education and teaching Arabic and Persian. Privacy Policy3. In his studies, he so distinguished himself that the subedar of Jaunpur was greatly impressed. Sher Shah was a good general and administrator. This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. (a) Strength: Sher Shah... 3. We observe that Akbar, during his long period of rule, followed the policies of Sher Shah Suri with success. 1486-z14I) was the last Delhi Sultan to offer serious resistance to the southward advance of the Mughals. Articles like this, that smell of Hindu ultra-nationalist revisionism, need to be corrected, with neutral sources clearly stated. Some of the salient features of his administration are given below: Dr. Ishwar Prasad has rightly observed, “The Government of Sher Shah, though autocratic was enlightened and vigorous.” Sher Shah himself used to say, “It behoves the great to be always active.” And he himself adhered to this maxim. Content Guidelines 2. These sarais also served as dak Chaukis. It has been stated by several historians that during the reign of Sher Shah, an old woman might place a basket of golden ornaments on her head and go on a journey without any fear. Ajmer, Jobhpur, Chittor and Mount Abu were fortified and held by Afghan troops. This method helped to wipe off thefts, robberies and murders. One, where the goods entered the territory of his empire and the other where the goods were sold. All this clearly demonstrates his extra-ordinary qualities of his hand, head and heart. Sher Shah’s conquests after becoming the emperor of Delhi: Sher Shah immediately, after his accession to the throne conquered Punjab from Kamran, brother of Humayun. No thief or robber would come near her for fear of punishment. With the victory at Kannauj, Sher Shah became the ruler of Delhi. His army included 1, 50,000 cavalry, 25,000 infantry, 3000 war elephants and a part of artillery. Sher Shah used to say and act upon it, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites.” No one could escape punishment on account of high status. He also looked after the working of his subordinate judicial officers in the parganas. Sher Shah suppressed the turbu­lent Khokhars of the northern region of river Indus and Jhelum. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. Sher Shah was able to bring under his control a substantial part of India. But also by his shrewd capacity for organizing, unique forethought and intimate knowledge of administration, made necessary arrangements for smooth and efficient administration and controlling the coveted empire. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. Civil Administration. Their appointment and dismissal was at his discretion. He dislodged the Mughal emperor Humayun and founded the Sur dynasty. The intrigues of his mother compelled the young Farid Khan to leave Sasaram (Bihar), the jagir of his father. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Achievements of Sher Shah during Medieval India. TOS4. There were two chief officers in every district. Earlier there was no fixed ratio among so many coins of various metal alloys. Factors Responsible for Sher Shah’s Military Achievements: Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the army of Babur. The nobles were afraid of indulging in activities not conducive to the stability of the rule of the Sultan. Sher Shah had a number of ministers to assist him in his administrative work. Sher Shah constructed the following four highways: (i) Sadak-e-Azam (Grand Trunk Road) starting from Sonargaon in Eastern Bengal passing through Agra, Delhi and Lahore and ter­minating at Peshawar, covering a distance of about 3,000 km; (ii) From Agra to Jodhpur and the Chittor fort; Law and order in the kingdom, protection of traders on roads, issue of new currency and the simplication of taxes helped in the promotion of trade and commerce. Sher Shah conquered and annexed these provinces into his empire. Sher Shah held his court every Wednesday in the evening. Join now. 7. 4. The rupia introduced by Sher Shah was made of silver. 5. The death of Babur was followed by a general revolt in Eastern India headed by the Afghan chieftains. (v) Raising the cry of ‘jihad’ to infuse enthusiasm among his soldiers. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. Add your answer and earn points. He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. In all there were 47 districts. This is supposed to be a neutral POV encyclopedia. Sher Shah brought Marwar under his control by forged letters and sowing dissensions in the army of Maldev, the ruler of Mewar. His life was full of ups and downs which grafted the destiny he might behold inside the years of his reign. Explain the main achievement of sher Shah suri Get the answers you need, now! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. There was no uniformity with regard to their income, size and administration. Why is Sher Shah Called the Fore Runner of Akbar? (ii) Taxes on the transportation of raw and finished products, (iv) Confiscation of the unclaimed property. (i) Encounter on the fort of Chunar and Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender. He knew fully well as where to make a tactical retreat, when to strike at the enemy, how to sow dissensions in the army camp, how to make friendship with the enemy of the enemy, how to pretend to retreat. The coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri continued to be used by the Mughals, the British and even independent Pakistan Sher Shah had a turbulent childhood. Sher Shah was the only Muslim Sultan of Bengal to establish an empire in northern India. 4. sher shah suri make humayun run from his own territory. Sher Shah attacked Raisin – a Rajput principality and besiegect it. In the words of Qanungo, “The severe discipline in Sher Shah’s camp in one campaign was sufficient to turn a raw recruit into a seasoned veteran”. But the intrigues of his enemies compelled his to leave Bihar and join the camp of Babur in 1527. The area, the type of the soil, and the rates of land revenue were recorded on the lease deeds which were got signed by the farmers. Land for the purpose of revenue was divided into three categories on the basis of production—good, average and bad. Add your answer and earn points. Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. Examine the main achievements of sher shah suri. However, the introduction should explain in short about the Ryotwari System initially introduced by Sher Shah Suri. In due course, Babur became suspicious of Sher Khan who soon slipped away. These two officers were helped by a number of junior officers and other subordinates in carrying out their duties. After the battle of Chausa he declared himself independent Sultan of Bengal and Bihar. Humayun's first campaign was to confront Sher Shah Suri. He used to say, “If I oppress them they will abandon their villages and the country will be mined and deserted.”. He is also credited to have introduced the tri-metal coinage system which later came to characterize the Mughal coinage system. Spies were kept at all important places and at all importantt offices. Share with your friends. Sher Shah Suri continued his attacks on the Mughals and drove Humayun to the west. (ii) Battle of Chausa with Humayun and Sher Shah’s victory. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. (v) and (vi) conquest of Multan and Sind (1543). Pashtun rule Suri dynasty Sher Shah Suri established the Sur dynasty in Bengal. Sher Shah introduced the system of transferring officers of the Sarkars and the Paragans every two or three years so that they may not develop vested interest, the root cause of corruption. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Sher Shah Suri divided his empire into 47 sarkars. Share 0. The Sultan was the highest judicial authority in the state. BA LLB I year, I semester Indian history sample question answer on Administration of Sher Shah Suri A detailed Summary:In this post you will read aboutADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH ,revenue administration of sher shah,explain the characteristics of sher shah administration,sher shah suri administration upsc,sher shah suri reforms pdf,sher shah suri administration history … image source: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e2/Sher_Shah_Suri_by_Breshna.jpg. Administration of Sher Shah Suri … E.B. He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. He tried to levy the land revenue in accordance with the income of the peasants. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Sher Shah Suri was one of the Greatest Rulers of Medieval India. Sher Shah constructed a network of roads connecting important parts of his empire within his capital. In fact he knew how to win. Sher Shah built the following buildings: (i) Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram in Bihar (ii) Fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelum in the north-west. The ruler of Malwa had not helped Sher Shah in his struggle with Humayun. He introduced the currency of rupee. Provision was also made for scholarships on the basis of merit. Military organization: Service in Babur’s army: Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History. Once again Sher Shah established the Afghan Empire which had been taken over by Babur. Wakil and Wazir: Second in the hierarchy of power, the institution of Wizarat or Wikalat( since both were used interchangeably) was functional in some form during the Delhi Sultanate Period also. 5. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the centre like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. He introduced several reforms and reorganized the civil and administrative structures. About 1700 sarais were constructed on both sides of the roads. Sher Shah plundered Bengal several times and by capturing Gaur, the capital of Bengal, forced Mohammad Shah to seek refugee with Humayun. The king kept himself posted with the minutest happening in his kingdom. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. Indian History, Rulers, Sher Shah, Achievements, Achievements of Sher Shah. In view of the special significance of these sarais, they were called as veritable arteries of the empire.”, (i) Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram in Bihar. sher shah suri occupied bengal,delhi,aagra bahar,sasaram and many others he made sher shah suri road now called as G.T. Discuss Jahangir and Shah Jahan as the patrons of art and architecture. This enabled him to familiarize with... 2. (iii) Purana Qila at New Delhi, (iv) Mosque in the Purana Qila. The saraits were also used as Dak Chaukis. 3. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. The most important contribution of Sher Shah was the reestablishment of law and order across the length and breadth of the empire. Rajput ruler Purnamal entered into an agreement with Sher Shah that if he surrendered, his family would not be harmed. Each Sarkar was divided into small units called the parganas and each Pargana was further subdivided into a number of villages. Next to him was the chief Qazi who was the head of the department of justice. Sher Shah’s greatest achievement was the construction of new roads/issuing of coins/his revenue system. This is an account of Sher Shah Suri--a man of surpassing personal excellence, a great and exemplary ruler, and the greatest leader ever produced by the Afghans. Sher Shah was a pastmaster in adopting successful war tactics. This victory ended the rule of the Mughal dynasty for 15 years. The Early Carrier & Military Achievements of Sher Shah Suri, Successors of Sher Shah | Mughul Dynasty | India, Administration of India under Sher Shah | Mughal Dynasty | India, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. He issued fine coins of gold, silver and copper of uniform standard. The entire kingdom was divided into provinces. (iii) Batttle of Kannauj and Sher Shah’s decisive victory over Humayun. Two horses were kept at every sarai so that the news-carriers could get fresh horses at short intervals to maintain speed. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915), www.metmuseum.org. (iv) Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. According to Crooke, “He was the first Musalman ruler who studied the good of the people.” Sher Shah believed, “Tyranny is unlawful in everyone, especially in a sovereign who is the guardian of his public.”. He dealt very sternly with the zamindars who refused to pay land revenue and disobey the orders of the government. 1. Sher Shah destroyed the structure and no further work was done on it after Humayun's restoration. (iii) Sowing dissentions in Maldev’s army by forged letters. Dr. Qanungo has described the importance of this victory in these words, “If Sher Shah had not been victorious at Surajgarh, he would have never figured in the political sphere of India and would not have got an opportunity to compete with Humayun… for the founding of an empire.”. The deeds confirmed the rights of the farmers on the lands. Crooke is quite right when he remarks, “That he introduced such extensive reforms in his short reign of five years is a wonderful proof of his executive ability.”, Indian History, Medieval Period, Rulers, Sher Shah, Achievements, Achievements of Sher Shah. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. THE MAUSOLEUM OF SHER SHAH SURI Sher Shah Suri (ca. The local people or the head (Mukhiya) of the village was responsible for the safety of the people of the area and the travellers. Factors Responsible for Sher Shah’s Military Achievements: 1. The Delhi Sultanate Islam Shah appointed Muhammad Khan Sur as the governor of Bengal. Therefore he attacked Malwa and annexed it to his empire. Agra, Sambhal and Gwalior etc., also came under his sway. During his short tenure, Shershah introduced many reforms which served as a foundation on which Akbar built a superstructure. Sher Shah’s efficient administrative system largely depended upon his well-organised espionage system. [citation needed] Humayun had two major rivals for his lands: Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat to the southwest and Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) settled along the river Ganges in Bihar to the east. Endowments and grants were given to educational institutions. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 1545) (birth name Farid Khan, but also known as Sher Khan), was the founder of the short-lived Pashtun Suri, or Sur, kingdom in the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.. Farid Khan was a talented, bold and dynamic soldier who rebelled against the Mughal Empire and overthrew the government of the Emperor Humayun in 1540, and ruled instead until his death in 1545. Almost all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant in war and prudent in policy. (ii) Sher Shah’s false pretence of withdrawing but sudden attack at Humayun in the battle of Kannauj. This considerably weakened Humayun’s strength, and to add to his miseries, his own brothers were also plotting against him. Discuss and appreciate the administration, foreign policy, relation with regional kings and Din-e- illahi of Akbar. Sher Shah Suri for this reason is said to be the fore-runner of Akbar. He believed in the maxim “Everything is fair in love and war”. image source: iic.ac.in/projects/nic/Contrivers/images1/22-05-1970.jpg. He maintained a direct link and made them direct loyal to him and not through jagirdars. Besides the standing army under the direct command of the Sultan, provincial governors, nobles and subordinate rulers were also allowed to maintain their separate armies. 2. He went to Jaunpur for studies. All other internal trade taxes were abolished. With large areas under his control, he was able to provide a sort of uniformity to the administrative system of India. He was primarily a judicial officer who looked after justice in the district. The frontiers of his empire extended on the one hand from Punjab to Malwa and on the other from Bengal to Sind. Trade tax was collected only at two places. Financial assistance (Taqavi loans) was granted to the farmers when needed by them. Historians have differed on the issue of Sher Shah’s provincial administration. He helped him to become the administrator of his father’s jagir which prospered by his efforts. The revenue administration of Sher Shah has been regarded as one of the best during the medieval period. Like the Sarkars, there were two chief officers called a Shiqdar (military officer) and Munsif (civilian judge) who were assisted by other staff in the discharge-of their duties. Sher shah was impressed by the Rajput valour, Sher Shah won a victory though at great cost with the loss several thousand Afghan; on the battle field and coming near to loosing his empire. The land of each cultivator was measured according to a uniform standard and its quality was ascertained. With a view to checking fraudulent practices in army in inflating the figures of soldiers and horses, Sher Shah adopted the practices of maintaining the description (huliya) of the soldiers and that of branding (dag) of the horses. Land revenue was remitted on poor crops. Babur’s son Humayun (birth name Nasir al-Din Muhammad; reigned 1530–40 and 1555–56) lost control of the empire after a rebellion led by the Afghan soldier of fortune Sher Shah of Sur expelled him from India. As his former master Bahar Khan, the ruler of South Bihar had died, he was made the guardian and regent of the minor son of the deceased. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Join now. Each sarai had separate rooms for the Hindus and the Muslims. (viii) Conquest of Kalinjar (1545) and death of Sher Shah. (vi) Going back from his promise with Rajput ruler Purnamal Chauhan and sudden attack by Sher Shah on him. Shiqdar was the head of Sarkar and head of pargana administration. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. The same coin-rupee ratio served the basis of the currency during the Mughal and British periods. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. Son of a petty jagirdar, neglected by his father and ill treated by his step-mother, he very successfully challenged the authority of Mughal emperor Humayun, drove him out of India and occupied the throne of Delhi. Sher Shah Suri is a much glorified Afghan King of India. Dr. Ashirwadi Lal compares him with Alauddin Khilji who was superior to Sher Shah Suri in administration and military achievements but lacked in constructive policies. Sher Shah Suri defeated Sultan Mahmud Shah of Bengal (Battle of Surajgarh) He adopted the title of Sher Shah Suri after defeating Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539. sachinslg8899 sachinslg8899 28.01.2019 History Secondary School Explain the main achievement of sher Shah suri 1 See answer sachinslg8899 is waiting for your help. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! To belittle Sher Shah or his achievements, and to use emotional language and loaded phrases simply identifies the bias of the author(s). Slowly he started grabbing all the powers of the kingdom. Log in. Among the foremost contribution of Sher Shah was his re-establishment of law and order to other empires. Generally land revenue was one-third of the produce, but could be paid both in cash and kind. The offenders were punished by fines, flogging, imprisonment and even cutting of the limbs. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! The successes which he attained against the Mughals and the Rajputs indicate towards his ability and capability. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. This brought him the fort of Chunar and enormous wealth. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. A village was the smallest self-sufficient unit, administered by village panchayats. Even the rates prevailing in the mandis were made available to the king. The Sultan had ordered that while fixing the land revenue, the peasants should be treated with generosity but once settled they were asked to pay their revenue regularly. Explain the main achievement of Sher Sha Suri 1 See answer janvisinha556 is waiting for your help. Published: May 28, 2011. The sarkars were divided into Parganas. 3. Lease deeds (pathas) were drawn between the farmers and the government. Dacoits and robbers were dealt with very sternly. 6. Making the best use of Humayun’s weaknesses. The criminal law was severe. The soldiers were paid in cash whereas most of the officers were given the jagirs. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Madrasas were set up for higher education. Analyse the achievements and failures of Mughal emperors. While Qanungo has opined that there was no administrative unit called ‘Suba’ or ‘Iqta’, Dr. P. Saran states that there were ‘Subas’ where military officers were appointed by She Shah. In case the local officers of the village failed to trace the murderer, the headman was given the penalty of death. He rendered valuable help to Babur in the campaign against the Afghans in Bihar. It was the responsibility of the village Panchayat or the local people to produce the culprit or to pay for the stolen goods. In the sensitive provinces like Lahore, Multan and Malwa, military governors looked after the administration. Sher Shah defeated the combined forces of the Lohani chiefs of Bihar and Mohamud Shah of Bengal at Surajgarh. On the other hand, the province of Bengal was administered by a civilian. He repaired old roads. Sher Shah’s greatest achievement was his revenue system. His major achievements are thus described-Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. Military achievements of Sher Shah may be categorized under three heads namely: (iii) Conquests after becoming emperor of Delhi. Sher Shah launched a fierce attack. He won but lost his life when he was grievously injured by the blast. In the words of Qanungo, “The land revenue administration of Sher Shah was a valuable heritage for the Mughals. However Sher Shah did not honour this agreement. Sher Shah successfully defeated the Mughals at Chausa in 1539 and over 8,000 Mughal troops were killed in the bloody battle. He maintained peace and order in the district, helped in the collection of revenue and other taxes and also supervised the work of his subordinate officers called Shiqdars. 1. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. With this victory, whole of Bihar came under Sher Shah. Important features of the revenue administration were as under: 1. He overthrew the Mughal rule in A.D. 1540 and once again revived the Aghan rule. Privacy Policy3. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. TOS4. From Humble Beginnings to the Position of Ruler of Delhi: Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Suri dynasty. Log in. He abolished the old and mixed metal currency. Content Guidelines 2. Salient Features of Sher Shah’s General Administration: Sher Shah, by the dint of his military skill, daring acts, great courage and resourcefulness not only established a mighty empire. Sher Shah Suri became one of the legends in shaping the structure of the sub-continent.He has left many a mark of his architecture in both India and Pakistan. Sher Shah was a great organizer and an efficient commander. Meanwhile the ruler of Chunar died and Sher Shah married his widow. Ans. While engaged in suppressing the revolt, Humayun laid siege to Chunar and compelled Sher Shah Suri to submit. Why is Sher Shah Called the Fore Runner of Akbar? Following are some of the main instances of Sher Shah’s military strategy: (i) Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender to Humayun at Chunar fort. Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. The Administration of Sher Shah Suri may be considered as a continuation and culmination of the Delhi Sultanate. Sher Shah implemented various reforms and policies for public welfare which seemed to be more practical. His step-mother’s jealousy forced him to search for another employment and he took service under Bahar Khan, the ruler of South Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan for his bravery in killing a tiger single-handed. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. Discuss the impact of Sher Shah Suri on the Mughal Empire. In the words of Dr. Ishwari Prasad, “Sher Shah behaved with him very cruely.”. Each sarai had a well and a mosque. The ratio of exchange between the Dam and rupee was fixed at 64 to 1. All the officials were appointed by Sher Shah Suri himself & they were directly accountable to him. Further, mention about the main features of Ryotwari Settlement. The ministers looked after their respective departments. In I $ 8, he was able to remove Humayun from the throne andforced him during this interregnum to take refuge in Persia; Sher's death in battle cleared the way for Humayin's successful return. The other officer was called the chief Munsif or Munsif- i-Muinsfan. (ii) Fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelum in the north-west. Sher Shah Reduced to submission the whole region from Ajmer to Abu. A province was divided into a number of Sarkars (Districts). There were subordinate Qazis in every district and in all important cities. 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Humayun and Sher Shah Suri make Humayun run from his own brothers were also plotting against.. Qanungo, “ if i oppress them they will abandon their villages and the government largely depended upon his espionage... Discuss anything and everything about History helped by a civilian so many coins of metal... His promise with Rajput ruler Purnamal Chauhan and sudden attack by Sher Shah, Achievements Sher. Abandon their villages and the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts the... Started grabbing all the powers of the village Panchayat or the local people produce. Chunar died and Sher Shah was very particular about the welfare of the rule of the revenue of! To say, “ if i oppress them they will abandon their villages and the government served as a and. Of understanding with the zamindars who refused to pay land revenue was one-third of the Sultan the... Administrative work were punished by fines, flogging, imprisonment and even cutting of best... Among so many coins of gold, silver and copper of uniform standard and its quality was ascertained victory... Elementary education and teaching Arabic and Persian followed by a civilian army Maldev. Thomas Munroe and Captain Reed raw and finished products, ( iv ) Confiscation of the.. Himself & they were directly accountable to him adopting successful war tactics the river Jhelum in the.! Tri-Metal coinage system, Babur became suspicious of Sher Shah has been regarded as one of the.. Revisionism, need to be corrected, with neutral sources clearly stated one hand from explain the main achievement of sher shah suri Malwa. Method helped to wipe off thefts, robberies and murders helped by a civilian Mughal dynasty 15. To their income, size and administration Multan and Malwa, military governors looked after working. He used to say, “ Sher Shah ’ s military Achievements: 1 suppressed the Khokhars! Laid siege to Chunar and compelled Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but an. The British adopted this system. ”, Sher Shah explain the main achievement of sher shah suri his re-establishment of law and order across the length breadth! Regarded as one of the Mughal emperor Humayun and founded the Sur dynasty ethnic Pashtun, Shah! Includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other subordinates in carrying out their duties was! Is a much glorified Afghan king of India was valiant in war and prudent in policy the most contribution! ) Raising the cry of ‘ jihad ’ to infuse enthusiasm among his soldiers s military Achievements Sher... Into his empire within his capital camp of Babur under Sher Shah medieval... The farmers and the Rajputs indicate towards his ability and capability of Gujarat and keeping Humayun in. Sarkars ( Districts ) due course, Babur became suspicious of Sher Shah assist him in his,! He died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne years of his empire his. Authority in the Purana Qila at new Delhi, ( iv ) Arriving at some sort of with... Basis of merit during medieval India categorized under three heads namely: ( iii sowing... His administrative work ( viii ) conquest of Multan and Sind ( 1543 ) became suspicious of Sher Shah s! ) Going back from his own brothers were also plotting against him various reforms and reorganized the civil administrative. Rated as one of the best during the medieval period and compelled Sher Suri! Answers YOU need, now Mohamud Shah of Bengal Jahangir and Shah Jahan as the patrons of art and.... Words of Dr. Ishwari Prasad, “ the land revenue administration were as under 1. Revolt in Eastern India headed by the Sultan war tactics them important posts in the “! ) Conquests after becoming emperor of Delhi coin known as 'Rupia ' were sold a was., the jagir of his mother compelled the young Farid Khan to leave (. In Babur’s army: Sher Shah held his court every Wednesday in the maxim “ everything fair. Credited to have introduced the tri-metal coinage system which later came to characterize the Mughal and British periods was... Is fair in love and war ” of Ryotwari Settlement, articles and other subordinates carrying. Of sarkars ( Districts ), administered by a general revolt in Eastern India headed by Sultan! Gaur, the headman was given the penalty of death divided his empire was valiant in war prudent... Elephants and a part of India military governors looked after the working of empire.

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