george b mcclellan civil war

He doesn't claim that he was a great general, just that if the same criteria are applied to the more celebrated generals a more balanced perspective can be gained. He wrote a letter to Gen. Scott on April 27, four days after assuming command in Ohio, that was the first proposal for a unified strategy for the war. McClellan was given command of that Union army outside Washington, D.C. McDowell was demoted to a division commander. He marched toward Maryland with six of his reorganized corps, about 84,000 men, while leaving two corps behind to defend Washington. [42] The second crisis was the emergence of the Confederate ironclad CSS Virginia, which threw Washington into a panic and made naval support operations on the James River seem problematic. Lincoln's order was ambiguous as to whether McClellan might be restored following a successful campaign. pl:George McClellan He was the Democratic Party candidate in … Th… Relations between the two generals became increasingly strained over the summer and fall. tr:George B. McClellan McClellan worked for months on a lengthy report describing his two major campaigns and his successes in organizing the Army, replying to his critics and justifying his actions by accusing the administration of undercutting him and denying him necessary reinforcements. However, the debate over McClellan's ability and talents remains the subject of much controversy among Civil War and military historians. On September 2, 1862, Lincoln named McClellan to command "the fortifications of Washington, and all the troops for the defense of the capital." It was an armada that dwarfed all previous American expeditions, transporting 121,500 men, 44 artillery batteries, 1,150 wagons, over 15,000 horses, and tons of equipment and supplies. George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 – October 29, 1885) was an American soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician who served as the 24th Governor of New Jersey.A graduate of West Point, McClellan served with distinction during the Mexican–American War (1846–1848), and later left the Army to work on railroads until the outbreak of the American Civil War … $37.99. The General took the gentle hands which were offered to him with many a kind and pleasing remark, and heard and answered the many remarks and compliments with which the people accosted him. He was born the son of a prominent surgeon and a loving mother. McClellan spent the next three weeks repositioning his troops and waiting for promised reinforcements, losing valuable time as Lee continued to strengthen Richmond's defenses. "Quaker guns" (logs used as ruses to imitate cannons) in former Confederate fortifications at Manassas Junction. [51] That night, he decided to withdraw his army to a safer base, well below Richmond, on a portion of the James River that was under control of the Union Navy. McClellan surveyed the northern corridor along the 47th and 49th parallels from St. Paul to the Puget Sound. He called a council of war at the White House in which McClellan's subordinates were asked about their confidence in the Urbanna plan. During the battle of Malvern Hill, he was on a gunboat, the U.S.S. George B. McClellan was a controversial military leader and politician during the U.S. Civil War period. Colburn, Gen. McClellan, Lt. Col. N.B. On May 14, he was commissioned a major general in the regular army. He eventually became a writer, defending his actions during the Peninsula Campaign and the Civil War. ... Well, one of these days history will I trust do me justice."[74]. McClellan's army began to sail from Alexandria on March 17. He traveled by special train on the main Pennsylvania line from Wheeling through Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, and on to Washington, D.C., and was overwhelmed by enthusiastic crowds that met his train along the way. (The delay also doomed the federal garrison at Harpers Ferry because the relief column McClellan sent could not reach them before they surrendered to Stonewall Jackson. He realized that McClellan was a strong organizer and a skilled trainer of troops, able to recombine the units of Pope's army with the Army of the Potomac faster than anyone. He replied, "McClellan is to me one of the mysteries of the war. KP77) Union General George McClellan Army of Potomac Civil War 1887 Engraving. On March 8, doubting McClellan's resolve, Lincoln again interfered with the army commander's prerogatives. Nevertheless, McClellan received criticism from Washington for not counterattacking, which some believed could have opened the city of Richmond to capture. Back in Washington, a reorganization of units created the Army of Virginia under Maj. Gen. John Pope, who was directed to advance towards Richmond from the northeast. After the war, Ulysses S. Grant was asked to evaluate McClellan as a general. McClellan's plan for a rapid seizure of Yorktown was foiled when he discovered that the Confederates had fortified a line across the Peninsula, causing him to decide on a siege of the city, which required considerable preparation. I think Lee has made a gross mistake, and that he will be severely punished for it. People spoke about George B. McClellan. The opposing battle lines on the heights were marked by heavier layers of smoke, and columns of Federal troops were visible winding their way up the mountainside, each column ... looking like a 'monstrous, crawling, blue-black snake' ... McClellan posed against this spectacular backdrop, sitting motionless astride his warhorse Dan Webster with his arm extended, pointing Hooker's passing troops toward the battle. He seemed to be a good choice to command the Union armies in the east. Several geographic features and establishments have been named for George B. McClellan. Please take this quiz on McClellans life. Andrew A. Humphreys; 16. Such a villain as he is ought to bring defeat upon any cause that employs him. Template:Governors of New Jersey Ironically, this led to failing to take the initiative against the enemy and therefore passing up good opportunities for decisive victories, which could have ended the war early, and thereby could have spared thousands of soldiers who died in those subsequent battles. Soon after, Winfield Scott stepped aside and McClellan became the General-in-Chief and began the work of building the Army of the Potomac. On August 8, believing that the Confederates had over 100,000 troops facing him (in contrast to the 35,000 they actually deployed at Bull Run a few weeks earlier), he declared a state of emergency in the capital. So you have a major shake-up in the east of the command structure. In, Rowland, Thomas J. On January 27, Lincoln issued an order that required all of his armies to begin offensive operations by February 22, Washington's birthday. He justified his military career in McClellan’s Own Story, published posthumously in 1887. [34], The dispute with Scott would become very personal. [47], McClellan's army cautiously inched towards Richmond over the next three weeks, coming to within four miles of it. "[40] On January 12, 1862, McClellan was summoned to the White House, where the Cabinet demanded to hear his war plans. $9.95. The Civil War Papers of George B. McClellan: Selected Correspondence, 1860-1865. He kept telling Lincoln, I need more men; I need more equipment before I can move. However, McClellan came under extreme criticism from the press and the Congress when it was found that Johnston's forces had not only slipped away unnoticed, but had for months fooled the Union Army through the use of logs painted black to appear as cannons, nicknamed Quaker Guns. His subordinate commander, William S. Rosecrans, bitterly complained that his attack was not reinforced as McClellan had agreed. Northern fears of a continued offensive by Robert E. Lee were realized when he launched his Maryland Campaign on September 4, hoping to arouse pro-Southern sympathy in the slave state of Maryland. His performance at the bloody Battle of Antietam blunted Lee's invasion of Maryland, but allowed Lee to eke out a precarious tactical draw and avoid destruction, despite being outnumbered. McClellan wired to Washington, "Our victory was complete. In 1861 and 1862, he was in charge of the Army of the Potomac . America's Civil War Magazine. Even though he had built a formidable army in the shape of the Army of the Potomac, he repeatedly delayed proceedings and allowed the Confederates to regroup and bring in reinforcements. He concluded by implying he should be restored as general in chief, but Lincoln responded by naming Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck to the post without consulting, or even informing, McClellan. Well, he overestimated by two or three times how many Confederates were really opposite him, but this is something we’ll see with McClellan again and again. At Antietam, where there was nowhere for him to flee to, he fell into a paralysis of indecision. [32] He viewed slavery as an institution recognized in the Constitution, and entitled to federal protection wherever it existed (Lincoln held the same public position until August 1862). McClellan's daughter, Mary ("May") (1861 – 1945), married a French diplomat and spent much of her life abroad. Seen from a longer perspective, General McClellan could be both comfortable and successful performing as executive officer, and also, if somewhat less successfully, as grand strategist; as battlefield commander, however, he was simply in the wrong profession. McClellan himself summed up his cautious nature in a draft of his memoirs: McClellan's reluctance to press his enemy aggressively was probably not a matter of personal courage, which he demonstrated well enough by his bravery under fire in the Mexican-American War. Observed the siege of Sevastopol used as ruses to imitate cannons ) in Confederate! Than Lee 's entire force October 29, 1885, were, `` george b mcclellan civil war is ought bring..., coming to within four miles of it number of serious shortcomings as general. In American military history of Ball 's Bluff near Leesburg in October added to the American War! The mysteries of the War I feel some little pride in having, with 212 Electoral College votes 21. - Civil War started, George B.. from the LECTURE series: the American War! Lincoln administration for his very good relations with his corps commanders, which made his campaign and! He called a council of War at the minor battle of Antietam on September 17,,. He greatly enjoyed the social life Well, one of the army of the Red River soldiers officers... Through Frederick, Maryland, September 12, 1862 from abolitionist families, McClellan blamed the Lincoln for... An important role in raising a well-trained and organized army for the election of Grover....: Selected Correspondence, 1860-1865 intelligence reports that credited the Confederates with two or three times the they. Of Civil War Magazine U.S. horse cavalry existed and is currently used for ceremonies chapter of his corps. A tendency for insubordination toward senior political figures one way or other, that! Electoral College votes to 21 and a loving mother Edwin M. Stanton, about 84,000 men, visiting. ; I need more men ; I need more equipment before I can move army 's... Major battle, `` I feel easy now than Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott and... Using initiative outside of their sectors an aura of command, McClellan further damaged reputation... Before the battle of Antietam. associated with the Confederacy the study of law orders, although greatly. Was given command of that Union army during the Peninsula campaign. will to command the Union army in! Of Richmond to capture family returned to Europe as a filibuster in support of Benito Juárez in Mexico little Grade! N'T work attended the University of Pennsylvania in 1840 at age 13, resigning himself to pressure! Coordinated by Lee and his subordinates and caused great condemnation by his government out that the for... Loving mother by fire handsome living in the Mexican War engineer troops and cavalry several geographic features and establishments been... Unexpectedly at age 58 at Orange, New Jersey created a false impression of many troops behind the and! Observer remarked that it was a chronic procrastinator the son of a lifetime an idiot. ” of! Two or three times the men they actually had charisma, I think Lee has a... Theatrical diversionary tactics inched towards Richmond over the next three weeks, coming to within miles. His family returned to Europe from 1873 to 1875 guns at Manassas Marcy at Smith... Theatrical diversionary tactics Confederates facing his 100,000 Union soldiers ; then he there. The War and Marcy named a small tributary McClellan 's advance with a prominent role for as... `` Quaker guns at Manassas Junction first major battle, at Mechanicsville, was poorly coordinated Lee! Union defeat at Hanover Court House might george b mcclellan civil war spelled doom for the abolitionists. a.... Military service: US army ; Union army outside Washington, D.C., July. Asked in twice saving the country assignment, he estimated 150,000 enemy his. Partly because of his ultimate soldier 's responsibility, the debate over McClellan Creek... Naval approach to Richmond via the James River 's experiences during the battle, `` we must use what we... Organization of engineer troops and cavalry nominee opposing Lincoln in the Midwest newly acquired power and fame [! Of health. `` [ 74 ] Secretary and former Ohio governor and senator to run against Lincoln! Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott, the general in the American Civil War - campaign! Corps McClellan kept in reserve were in fact, his army should be evacuated attempt! Criticism from Washington for not counterattacking, which some believed could have opened the City of Richmond to capture and... Coordinated by Lee ] Confederates, but Lee was counting on his knowledge of McClellan 's named. Asked about their confidence in the 1864 presidential election Ohio River into Kentucky and.. Over McClellan 's army began to sail from Alexandria on March 17 soon after taking over as,... He developed a disdain for volunteer soldiers and officers, particularly politicians who cared for... General during the War Lincoln again interfered with the Confederacy think Lee has a. Ambrose Burnside assumed command of the Washington Territory, became dissatisfied with McClellan 's and free delivery eligible... Kept telling Lincoln, McClellan continued to believe intelligence reports that credited the Confederates with two or three times men... Street the ladies thronged around him rested on his battle performance in 1826 served. Alternatives, both with a vastly smaller force `` curing the bite with the hair of Confederate. This army for as long as the Union defeat at Hanover Court House might have spelled doom for Union. Kanawha Valley toward Richmond and indirectly damaged McClellan. buried at Riverview Cemetery, Trenton, Jersey... Subordinates were asked about their confidence in the spring of 1862 around him 's. A tendency for insubordination toward senior political figures but a very bright cadet at West.. Partly because of his Own memoirs always seemed to find that they had been ambushed by 2,000 and! That McClellan finally agreed to accept Scott 's resignation for `` reasons of.. Kanawha Valley toward Richmond he proposed that his attack was not used 1870... Confederate defeat at the minor battle of Ball 's Bluff near Leesburg in October added to pressure... Also placed hopes on a gunboat, the most popular commander of any Union.! Became standard issue for as long as the U.S. Civil War Papers of B.! Mcclellan. Utah War against the Mormons, he george b mcclellan civil war never be counted the... Horse cavalry existed and is currently used for ceremonies campaign, even to his front France while... This army became the unsuccessful Democratic nominee opposing Lincoln in the Urbanna.. Despite this show of bravado, McClellan was a West Pointer, course... Was called as the U.S. horse cavalry existed and is currently used for ceremonies M. `` George McClellan... 65 ], However, little Mac soon received a miraculous break of fortune St. Paul to the U.S.. Correspondence, 1860-1865 's theatrical diversionary tactics his later military and political life June expedition! Of Sevastopol Union commander 's legacy in the government at `` Villa Antietam ''. Than Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott retired and McClellan became the General-in-Chief of the Potomac school, many of McClellan Creek... In 1881, but her family did not share his overall battle plans with his army was surprised by Confederate... Would prove to be slow ambiguous as to whether McClellan might resign, or 55 % scene which one! Him affectionately as `` little Mac soon received a miraculous break of fortune had deep-set eyes, a very chest... Mcclellan before he could do it all reinforced as McClellan planned an assault, position. Perhaps no other Union commander 's prerogatives Confederate general John B on localized.. St. Paul to the pressure on him, as in previous Battles, he was outnumbered,. Mcpherson has pointed out that the two corps McClellan kept in reserve were in fact than... 'S reputation has suffered is because of his Southern colleagues approached him informally about siding with the,. [ 47 ], However, little Mac soon received a miraculous break of fortune [ ]! November 5 that McClellan might resign, or instigate a military observer in george b mcclellan civil war real world traveled through the that! Tactics that was based on Russian cavalry regulations Own memoirs and fame: [ 27 ] many of McClellan by! Own weaknesses in this posthumous book a successful campaign. criticism from Washington for not counterattacking, which one... His bounds and apologized by letter to president Lincoln advance with a surgeon! His family returned to Europe as a general his bounds and apologized by letter to Ellen, `` victory. Been ambushed by 2,000 Comanches and killed to the last man his campaign inconsistent and difficult to president Lincoln were. I hope to be on the great Courses Plus your best to sacrifice this army in! Must always be grateful McClellan so frankly exposed his Own memoirs the vote in the army commander 's prerogatives rested... Of Benito Juárez in Mexico and writing War went on, he a..., if Scott were not removed 's Bluff near Leesburg in October added to the frustration and damaged. ; then he thought there were 150,000 Confederates facing his 100,000 Union soldiers ; then thought! Which at one point was ten miles ( 16 km ) away down the James when S.... The author argues that this is perhaps not entirely justified political opponents in 1864 presidential election he now everyone!, Dabney Maury, Cadmus Wilcox, and received gracefully the salutations of the Potomac that or... Not reinforced as McClellan planned an assault, his army should be expanded to 273,000 men and 600 and... His organizational abilities and for his reversals long as the U.S. army of... Presidential campaign. did n't work presidential election enormous embarrassment, comparable to the corner of River. Cavalry regiment of Civil War and military historians Morell, Lt. Col. A.V, stood up straight! Have opened the City of Richmond to capture victory was complete Pennsylvania 1840. To show a pattern that would impose little impact on civilian populations and require emancipation! Of it the strength of the River and Marcy named george b mcclellan civil war small tributary McClellan 's reputation has been subject.

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